Longwall Effects  



Longwall mining damage image of James Kinney Farmstead, showing frozen temporary water supply livestock tank. There is no electricity across the road from the main house as OVCC has not installed electric lines, therefore the water in the livestock tank freezes during cold weather. According to ODNR regulations, OVCC is required to provide water for livestock in areas affected by longwall mining.

Prior to mining, a constant flow of water from the developed spring in this field kept the stock tank from freezing during cold weather. The spring feeding the stock tank in this field previously provided 22 gal/min flow rate prior to mining, now there is no water from this spring due to longwall mining subsidence.


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